Dental Injuries

What you should know about dental injuries of primary teeth

When the child first starts exploring the world by themselves, with the help of their first baby walker, they are exposed to falls that can affect their face and teeth.

During the first years of life, the primary teeth are very closely related to the permanent teeth, which are forming inside the bone. When injury occurs to the primary teeth in this period, it can affect the aesthetics of the permanent teeth, which will present at approximately eight years of age with whitish marks or a deformation in the crown depending on the extent of the injury.

More serious complications that can occur to the permanent teeth are intrusion, when the tooth is buried in the gum, and avulsion, when a tooth is knocked out. Both situations are more serious the younger the child is and needs to be addressed immediately.

If a primary tooth has been knocked out DO NOT replace it.

How to prevent dental trauma in primary teeth?

Teach your children to:

  • Avoid using a baby walker.
  • Look after their teeth as well as that of their friends’ teeth when playing by not knocking their teeth with heavy objects.
  • Watch out for possible obstructions that they can trip themselves up on.
  • Do not push when playing.
  • Stay seated on the swing and do not jump off when the swing is in motion.
  • Use the stairs when getting out of the swimming pool.

If the child participates in sports such as rugby, hockey, karate, riding on a bike, winter sports (i.e. skiing) a skate board or any activity that involves potential trauma to the facial area, make sure that the child uses a helmet or mouth guard.